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BROWN at 67. From Chartergate to Segregate? School Resegregation in 2021.

Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2021    |    PP. 1-11    |PDF (237 K)|    Pub. Date: January 31, 2021
DOI: 10.54647/education88199    94 Downloads     1003 Views  

Author(s)
Steven Michael Brown, Professor of Educational Leadership and Policy, The University of Texas Permian Basin, USA

Abstract
65 years after the implementation of the Brown v Board of Education landmark U.S. Supreme Court case decision on May 17, 1954, we once again have in the United States a large number of public schools that are racially segregated. The primary source of such resegregation is not because of judicial rulings, but is produced primarily due to demographics, based on where people live. Specifically, parents typically want their children to attend schools as close to where they reside. But, the question could also be asked, is it possible that this is occurring due to the dramatic increase of charter schools that have been created across our nation?
The question to be asked is: Is school segregation getting worse in 2021? Many people say yes, including scholars, journalists, and civil-rights advocates. For the first time in years, there’s something resembling a consensus: Racially divided schools are a major and intensifying problem for American education—maybe even a crisis. And, charter schools are viewed as substantially contributing to this major problem.

Keywords
Segregation; Integreation; Brown v. Board of Education; Charter schools.

Cite this paper
Steven Michael Brown, BROWN at 67. From Chartergate to Segregate? School Resegregation in 2021., SCIREA Journal of Education. Vol. 6 , No. 1 , 2021 , pp. 1 - 11 . https://doi.org/10.54647/education88199

References

[ 1 ] Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954).
[ 2 ] Brown v. Board of Education II, 349 U.S. 294 (1955).
[ 3 ] Kahlenberg, Richard D. & Potter, Halley. (2014). “A Smarter Charter: What Works for Charter Schools and Public Education.” The Century Foundation, August 7, 2014. New York. https://tcf.org/content/book/a-smarter-charter/
[ 4 ] Ladd, Helen, Clotfelter, Charles T. & John B. Holbein, John B. (2015) “The Growing Segmentation of the Charter School Sector in North Carolina.” Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. NBER Working Paper No. 21078, Issued in April, 2015.
[ 5 ] Milliken v. Bradley, 418 U.S. 717 (1974).
[ 6 ] National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Board of Directors. “Statement Regarding the NAACP’s Resolution on a Moratorium on Charter Schools.” October 15, 2016.
[ 7 ] Orfield, Gary, Ee, Jongyeon, Frankenberg, Erika, & Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve. (2016). “Brown at 62: School Segregation by Race, Poverty and State.” Civil Rights Project / Proyecto Derechos Civiles, UCLA, May 16, 2016. https://www.civilrightsproject.ucla.edu/research/k-12-education/integration-and-diversity/brown-at-62-school-segregation-by-race-poverty-and-state/Brown-at-62-final-corrected-2.pdf
[ 8 ] Perry, Andrew. “Charter school leaders are complicit with segregation, and it’s hurting their movement.” The Hechinger Report, December 11, 2017/ New York. https://hechingerreport.org/charter-school-leaders-complicit-segregation-hurting-movement/
[ 9 ] Potter, Halley & Quick, Kimberly. “Diverse-by-Design Charter Schools.”(2018). The Century Foundation, May 15, 2018. New York. https://tcf.org/content/report/diverse-design-charter-schools/
[ 10 ] Stancil, Will. (2018). “School Segregation is not a Myth.” Atlantic Magazine, March 14, 2018. https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2018/03/school-segregation-is-not-a-myth/555614/
[ 11 ] United States Government Accountability Office (USGAO). (2016). “K-12 Education: Better use of information could help agencies identify disparities and address racial discrimination.” April, 2016. https://www.gao.gov/assets/680/676745.pdf

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