Volume 6, Number 3 (2022)
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Home > Journals > SCIREA Journal of Management > Archive > Paper Information

Transgenders Empowerment: How Businesses Can Support the Marginalized Community

Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2022    |    PP. 26-41    |PDF (212 K)|    Pub. Date: September 12, 2022
DOI: 10.54647/management63102    7 Downloads     89 Views  

Author(s)
Abdullah Azzam, International School of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
Pamila Dembla, Department of Information Systems and Security, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, USA

Abstract
The objective of this paper is to discuss the issues faced by the transgender community in Pakistan with a unique case study providing solutions to the problem. Two percent of the world’s population is transgender, and they face immense discrimination and violence. They are excluded from mainstream social, legal, and economic life resulting in a lack of education, skills, and hence employment opportunities. This experiment at Polo Closet presents a unique perspective on training and employing transgenders while providing them with a good workplace where they can thrive. This pilot at Polo Closet can be considered a model that can be adopted by businesses worldwide interested in providing opportunities to for transgender population for them to be accepted by society.

Keywords
transgender, Non-Binary, Genderqueer, Minorities, Pakistan, employment, Empowerment, discrimination, South-Asia, healthcare, society issues, family problems, Covid problems, 

Cite this paper
Abdullah Azzam, Pamila Dembla, Transgenders Empowerment: How Businesses Can Support the Marginalized Community, SCIREA Journal of Management. Vol. 6 , No. 3 , 2022 , pp. 26 - 41 . https://doi.org/10.54647/management63102

References

[ 1 ] Andrew Flores, Taylor Brown, Judy Herman, 2016: Race and Ethnicity of Adults who Identify as Transgenders in the United States, The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law, October 2016 https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/Race-Ethnicity-Trans-Adults-US-Oct-2016.pdf, last retrieved July 10th, 2022
[ 2 ] Faris. A Khan (2014), Transgender Activism and Transnationality,  https://www.academia.edu/4738013/Khwaja_Sara_Transgender_Activism_and_Transnationality_in_Pakistan, Last Retrieved July 14th, 2022.
[ 3 ] Greta Bauer and Ayden I Scheim (2015), “Transgender People in Ontario, Canada: Statistics from the Trans PULSE Project to Inform Human Rights Policy” https://www.researchgate.net/publication/277558920_Transgender_People_in_Ontario_Canada_Statistics_from_the_Trans_PULSE_Project_to_Inform_Human_Rights_Policy, last retrieved June 25th, 2022
[ 4 ] Iram Manzoor, Zartasha Hanan Khan, Rafia Tariq, and Rijah Shahzad, (2022) (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8713213/)
[ 5 ] Liptak, Adams (2020) “Civic Rights Law Protects Gay and Transgender Workers, Supreme Court Rules,” The New York Times https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/15/us/gay-transgender-workers-supreme-court.html, last retrieved July 29th, 2022. 
[ 6 ] Pakistan Economic Survey 2017-18, https://www.finance.gov.pk/survey/chapters_18/12-Population.pdf, Last Retrieved July 14th, 2022.
[ 7 ] Skylar Davidson (2016), “Gender inequality: Nonbinary transgender people in the workplace”https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/23311886.2016.1236511?needAccess=true, last retrieved July 1st, 20202
[ 8 ] Simone Varrella (2022) Share of people identifying as transgender, gender fluid, non-binary, or other ways worldwide as of 2021, by country, Statistica.com https://www.statista.com/statistics/1269778/gender-identity-worldwide-country/, last retrieved July 2nd, 2022
[ 9 ] Syed Shoaib Hasan Rizvi (2020), “We Might die of Hunger Before Being Killed by the Virus: How COVID 19 Compounds the Challenges of Pakistan’s Transgender Community”, https://blog.politics.ox.ac.uk/we-might-die-of-hunger-before-being-killed-by-the-virus-how-covid-19-compounds-the-challenges-of-pakistans-transgender-community, last retrieved July 14th, 2022. 
[ 10 ] The offense of Zina Ordinance 1979, The Constitution of Pakistan, https://pakistani.org/pakistan/legislation/zia_po_1979/ord7_1979.html#:~:text=Zina%20or%20zina%2Dbil%2Djabr%20liable%20to%20tazir.&text=Whoever%20commits%20zina%2Dbil%2Djabr,of%20whipping%20numbering%20thirty%20stripe, last retrieved July 29th, 2022. 
[ 11 ] The United States Transgender Executive Summary (2016) https://transequality.org/sites/default/files/docs/usts/USTS-Executive-Summary-Dec17.pdf, last retrieved July 13th, 2022

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