Volume 5, Number 1 (2020)
Year Launched: 2016
Journal Menu
Previous Issues
Why Us
-  Open Access
-  Peer-reviewed
-  Rapid publication
-  Lifetime hosting
-  Free indexing service
-  Free promotion service
-  More citations
-  Search engine friendly
Contact Us
Email:   service@scirea.org
Home > Journals > SCIREA Journal of Education > Archive > Paper Information

Who are better leaders; Transformational vs Transactional Leaders? Women vs Men?

Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2020    |    PP. 1-7    |PDF (157 K)|    Pub. Date: August 16, 2020
42 Downloads     438 Views  

Christie Kim, Department of Medicine. Division Hematology/Oncology. St. Joseph Health Centre, University of Toronto. Toronto. Canada.

There are numerous leadership theories and which leadership style is the most effective is often debated. Gender has been implicated as playing a significant role, as stereotypical feminine characteristics are similar to transactional leadership characteristics. Previous studies have also implicated transformational leadership as the most effective style, thus suggesting that women would be better leaders. However, there are an increasing number of studies that would suggest that gender plays a minimal role. Likewise, the organizational context would appear to be a significant driver of which type of leader emerges; rather than a single leadership style of transformational or transactional, a combination of both is likely the most effective.

Leadership. Gender Role. Management

Cite this paper
Christie Kim, Who are better leaders; Transformational vs Transactional Leaders? Women vs Men?, SCIREA Journal of Education. Vol. 5 , No. 1 , 2020 , pp. 1 - 7 .


[ 1 ] Nawaz, A. Leadership Theories and styles; a literature Review. Jour. REss. Dev. And Manage. Vol 16, 2016
[ 2 ] Martin, J, Transformational and Transactional Leadership; an exploration of gender, experience and institution type. John Hopkins University Press.
[ 3 ] Antonakis, J. Context and leadership; an examination of the nine-factor full-range leadership theory using the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire. Leadership Quarterly. Vol 14. 2003.
[ 4 ] Carless, S. Gender Differences in Transformational Leadership; an Examination of Superior, Leader and Subordinate Perspectives. Sex. Roles. Vol. 39. 1998
[ 5 ] Eagly, A. Transformational, transactional and laissez-faire leadership styles: meta- analysis comparing women and men. Psych. Bull. Vol 129. 2003.
[ 6 ] Eagly, A. The leadership styles of Women and Men. Jou. Soc. Issies. Vole 57 No. 4. 2001
[ 7 ] Eagly, A. The female Leadership advantage: An evaluation of the evidence. Leadership Quarterly. Vol 14. 2003
[ 8 ] Bass, B. Does the Transactional-Transformational leadership paradigm transcend organizational and national boundaries? Am. Psych. Vol 52. 1997
[ 9 ] Wong, A. What’s the fuss? Gender and Academic Leadership. Jour. Health Org and Manage. Vol 32. No 6. 2018
[ 10 ] Vinkerburg, C. An exploration of stereotypical beliefs about leadership styles; Is transformational leadership a route to women’s promotion? Leadership Quarterly. vol 22. 2011
[ 11 ] Seo, G. Conceptual Review of Underrepresentation of women in senior Leadership positions from a perspective of gendered social status in the workplace. Hum Res. Dev. Rev. Vol 16. 2017
[ 12 ] Soklaridis, S. Gender Bias in Hospital Leadership; a qualitative study on the experiences of women CEOs. Jour. Health. Org and Manage. Vol 31, No 2. 2017
[ 13 ] Appelbaum, S. Gender and Leadership? Leadership and Gender? A journey through the landscape of theories. Leader. & Org. Dev. Jour. Vol 24. 2003
[ 14 ] Horowitz, J.M. Views on Leadership Traits and Competencies and How they Intersect with Gender. Pew Research Centre Social & Demographic Trends. Sept 20, 2018.
[ 15 ] Burke, S. Gender Differences in Leadership Styles and Management Skills. Women in Management Review. 16()5). August 2001
[ 16 ] Wille, B. Personality Characteristics of male and female executives; distinct pathways to success? Jour. Voc. Behav. Vol. 106. 2018
[ 17 ] Alonso-Almeida, M. Leadership styled and Corporate social responsibility management: Analysis from a gender perspective. Business Ethics. Vol 26. 2017 
[ 18 ] Berkery, E. The relationship between gender role stereotypes and the requisite managerial characteristics. Jour. Nurs. Manag. Vol 22. 2017