Response of invasive weed Mikania micrantha to insect feeding

Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2020     |     PP. 57-71      |     PDF (517 K)    |     Pub. Date: August 12, 2020
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Qilei Zhang, School of Life Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
Guangxin Chen, School of Life Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
Jundong Huang, School of Life Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
Changlian Peng, School of Life Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China

As an invasive plant, Mikania micrantha has lost the natural enemy of the country of origin in its invasion, but it will face the feeding of omnivorous insects. In order to explore the anti-insect-feeding defense strategy, M. micrantha with insect-feeding (IF) and non-insect-feeding (NIF) were selected as research materials. Results showed that contents of the defense substances were significantly higher in IF. However, net photosynthetic rate of IF leaves was significantly lower. As nutrient, the contents of sugar and protein were significantly lower in IF. Furthermore, the content of signal matter with indirect defense also increased significantly in IF. In addition, the expression of FLOWERING LOCUS T gene was up-regulated significantly in the IF M. micrantha, and it showed early flowering. Our results indicated that under insects feeding stress, M. micrantha can synthesize direct and indirect defense materials, and adopt the response strategy of early flowering.

biological invasion; defensive capability; herbivorous insects; photosynthesis

Cite this paper
Qilei Zhang, Guangxin Chen, Jundong Huang, Changlian Peng, Response of invasive weed Mikania micrantha to insect feeding , SCIREA Journal of Biology. Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2020 | PP. 57-71.


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