Correlation of head and trunk sways, and foot pressure distribution during chewing in the standing position

Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2023     |     PP. 279-296      |     PDF (393 K)    |     Pub. Date: August 22, 2023
DOI: 10.54647/cm321157    65 Downloads     2810 Views  

Author(s)

Kiwamu Sakaguchi, Department of Oral Functional Prosthodontics, Division of Oral Functional Science, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
Noshir R. Mehta, Craniofacial Pain Center, Department of Diagnostic Sciences, Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
Tomoaki Maruyama, Computer Science Course, Department of Industrial Engineering, National Institute of Technology (KOSEN), Ibaraki College, Ibaraki, Japan
Leopoldo P. Correa, Craniofacial Pain Center, Department of Diagnostic Sciences, Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
Atsuro Yokoyama, Department of Oral Functional Prosthodontics, Division of Oral Functional Science, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

Abstract
Purpose: It has been reported that mastication affects the postural control system and enhances postural stability during upright standing. However, the mechanism has not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to verify whether there are correlations among head and trunk sways, and foot pressure distribution during chewing in the standing position. Methods: A total of 32 healthy young male subjects were evaluated. The MatScanTM system was used to analyze changes in foot pressure distribution (center of foot pressure: COP) and the three-dimensional motion analysis system was used to analyze changes in head and trunk positions while subjects remained standing position with rest position, centric occlusion, and chewing. Data were analyzed using Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients. Results: There was a significant positive correlation between trunk sway value and COP areas in all three studied test conditions (correlation 0.75 to 0.95, P < 0.01). During mastication, significant positive correlations were also found between head and trunk sway values (correlation 0.70, P < 0.05) and between head sway value and COP areas (correlation 0.69 to 0.78, P < 0.01). Conclusions: There are significant positive correlations among head and trunk sways, and foot pressure distribution during chewing in the standing position.

Keywords
foot pressure distribution; head sway; mastication; standing position; trunk sway

Cite this paper
Kiwamu Sakaguchi, Noshir R. Mehta, Tomoaki Maruyama, Leopoldo P. Correa, Atsuro Yokoyama, Correlation of head and trunk sways, and foot pressure distribution during chewing in the standing position , SCIREA Journal of Clinical Medicine. Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2023 | PP. 279-296. 10.54647/cm321157

References

[ 1 ] Armstrong B.; McNair P.; Taylor D. Head and neck position sense. Sports. Med. 2008, 38, 101-117. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200838020-00002.
[ 2 ] Kristjansson E.; Treleaven J. Sensorimotor function and dizziness in neck pain: implications for assessment and management. J. Orthop. Sports. Phys. Ther. 2009, 39, 364-377. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2009.2834.
[ 3 ] Zafar H.; Nordh E.; Eriksson P.O. Temporal coordination between mandibular and head-neck movements during jaw opening–closing tasks in man. Arch. Oral. Biol. 2000, 45, 675-682. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0003-9969(00)00032-7.
[ 4 ] Eriksson P.O.; Haggman-Henrikson B.; Nordh E.; Zafar H. Co-ordinated mandibular and head-neck movements during rhythmic jaw activities in man. J. Dent. Res. 2000, 79, 1378-1384. https://doi.org/10.1177/00220345000790060501.
[ 5 ] Widmalm S.E.; Lillie J.H.; Ash M.M. Jr. Anatomical and electromyographic studies of the digastric muscle. J. Oral. Rehabil. 1988, 15, 3-21. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.1988.tb00142.x.
[ 6 ] Clark G.T.; Browne P.A.; Nakano M.; Yang Q. Co-activation of sternocleidomastoid muscles during maximum clenching. J. Dent. Res. 1993, 72, 1499-1502. https://doi.org/10.1177/00220345930720110701.
[ 7 ] Häggman-Henrikson B.; Eriksson P.O. Head movements during chewing: relation to size and texture of bolus. J. Dent. Res. 2004, 83, 864-868. https://doi.org/10.1177/154405910408301108.
[ 8 ] Park S.H.; Kim H.J.; Kim J.S.; Koo J.W.; Oh S.W.; Kim D.U.; Kim J.T.; Welgampola M.; Deriu F. Mastication-induced vertigo and nystagmus. J. Neurol. 2014, 261, 480-489. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00415-013-7221-7.
[ 9 ] Kushiro K.; Goto F. Effect of masticating chewing gum on postural stability during upright standing. Neurosci. Lett. 2011, 487, 196-198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2010.10.021.
[ 10 ] Kaji K.; Katoh M.; Isozaki K.; Aizawa J.; Masuda T.; Morita S. The effect of mastication on reaction latency to unanticipated external disturbances in the standing position. J. Med. Dent. Sci. 2012, 59, 83-88.
[ 11 ] Alghadir A.; Zafar H.; Whitney S.L.; Lqbal Z. Effect of chewing on postural stability during quiet standing in healthy young males. Somatosens. Mot. Res. 2015, 32, 72-76. https://doi.org/10.3109/08990220.2014.969837.
[ 12 ] Shima K.; Sakaguchi K.; Mehta N.R.; Maruyama T.; Correa L.P.; Yokoyama A. Effect of masticatory movements on the head, trunk and body sway during the standing position. Stoma. Edu. J. 2022, 9(3-4), 81-87. https://doi.org/10.25241/stomaeduj.2022.9(3-4).art.1.
[ 13 ] Virmavirta M.; Isolehto J. Determining the location of the body's center of mass for different groups of physically active people. J. Biomech. 2014, 47, 1909-1913. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2014.04.001.
[ 14 ] Kobayashi Y.; Shiga H.; Arakawa I.; Yokoyama M.; Nakajima K. Masticatory path pattern during mastication of chewing gum with regard to gender difference. J. Prosthodont. Res. 2009, 53, 11-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpor.2008.08.002.
[ 15 ] Shiga H.; Nakajima K.; Yokoyama M.; Komino M.; Uesugi H.; Sano M.; Arakawa I.; Oh T. Masticatory path pattern and masticatory performance while chewing gummy jelly. Odontology. 2023, 111, 728-733. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10266-022-00777-7.
[ 16 ] Sakaguchi K.; Mehta N.R.; Abdallah E.F.; Forgione A.G.; Hirayama H.; Kawasaki T.; Yokoyama A. Examination of the relationship between mandibular position and body posture. Cranio®. 2007, 25, 237-249. https://doi.org/10.1179/crn.2007.037.
[ 17 ] Zammit G.V.; Menz H.B.; Munteanu S.E. Reliability of the TekScan MatScan (R) system for the measurement of plantar forces and pressures during barefoot level walking in healthy adults. J. Foot. Ankle. Res. 2010, 3, 11-19. https://doi.org/10.1186/1757-1146-3-11.
[ 18 ] Maeda N.; Sakaguchi K.; Mehta N.R.; Abdallah E.F.; Forgione A.G.; Yokoyama A. Effects of experimental leg length discrepancies on body posture and dental occlusion. Cranio®. 2011, 29, 194-203. https://doi.org/10.1179/crn.2011.028.
[ 19 ] Horak F.B. Postural orientation and equilibrium: what do we need to know about neural control of balance to prevent falls? Age. Ageing. 2006, 35-S2, ii7-ii11. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afl077.
[ 20 ] Gatev P.; Thomas S.; Kepple T.; Hallett M. Feedforward ankle strategy of balance during quiet stance in adults. J. Physiol. 1999, 514(Pt 3)(Pt 3), 915-928. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7793.1999.915ad.x.
[ 21 ] Masani K.; Popovic M.R.; Nakazawa K.; Kouzaki M.; Nozaki D. Importance of body sway velocity information in controlling ankle extensor activities during quiet stance. J. Neurophysiol. 2003, 90, 3774-3782. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00730.2002.
[ 22 ] Loram I.D.; Gollee H.; Lakie M.; Gawthrop P.J. Human control of an inverted pendulum: Is continuous control necessary? Is intermittent control effective? Is intermittent control physiological? J. Physiol. 2011, 589(Pt 2), 307-324. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2010.194712.
[ 23 ] Latash M.L.; Nicholas J.J. Motor control research in rehabilitation medicine. Disability. Rehabil. 1996, 18, 293-299. https://doi.org/10.3109/09638289609165883.
[ 24 ] Yiou E.; Caderby T.; Delafontaine A.; Fourcade P.; Honeine J.L. Balance control during gait initiation: State-of-the art and research perspectives. World. J. Orthop. 2017, 8, 815-828. https://doi.org/10.5312/wjo.v8.i11.815.
[ 25 ] Santos M.J.; Kanekar N.; Aruin A.S. The role of anticipatory postural adjustments in compensatory control of posture: 2. Biomechanical analysis. J. Electromyogr. Kinesiol. 2010, 20, 398-405. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2010.01.002.
[ 26 ] Mancini M.; Salarian A.; Carlson-Kuhta P.; Zampieri C.; King L.; Chiare L.; Horak F.B. ISway: a sensitive, valid and reliable measure of postural control. J. Neuroeng. Rehabil. 2012, 9, 59. https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-0003-9-59.
[ 27 ] Takahashi T.; Ueno T.; Taniguchi H.; Ohyama T.; Nakamura Y. Modulation of H reflex of pretibial and soleus muscles during mastication in humans. Muscle. Nerve. 2001, 24, 1142-1148. https://doi.org/10.1002/mus.1125.
[ 28 ] Ehrlich R.; Garlick D.; Ninio M. The effect of jaw clenching on the electromyographic activities of 2 neck and 2 trunk muscles. J. Orofac. Pain. 1999, 13, 115-120.
[ 29 ] Hellmann D.; Giannakopoulos N.N.; Blaser R.; Eberhard L.; Schindler H.J. The effect of various jaw motor tasks on body sway. J. Oral. Rehabil. 2011, 38, 729-736. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.2011.02211.x.
[ 30 ] Peterka R.J.; Loughlin P.J. Dynamic regulation of sensorimotor integration in human postural control. J. Neurophysiol. 2004, 91, 410-423. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00516.2003.