Childhood Trauma Influences The Occurrence of Symptoms of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2023     |     PP. 240-251      |     PDF (231 K)    |     Pub. Date: August 8, 2023
DOI: 10.54647/cm321153    54 Downloads     2138 Views  

Author(s)

Maria Shannon Ashley Gunawan, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Pelita Harapan, Tangerang, Indonesia
Tirta Darmawan Susanto, Pharmacology Department, Universitas Pelita Harapan, Tangerang, Indonesia
Natalia Maria Christina, Surgical Department, Universitas Pelita Harapan, Tangerang, Indonesia

Abstract
Background: Childhood trauma can cause anxiety, difficulty controlling yourself, sleep disorders, self-harm, suicide, problems in socializing, depression, and panic attacks. Symptoms that appear in patients with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) are mood swings, irritability, feeling depressed and hopelessness, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, and somatic symptoms such as changes in diet and sleep, lethargy, breast pain or swelling, joint pain, muscle pain, and bloating. The number and severity of premenstrual symptoms are increasing in individuals with childhood trauma. This study aims to determine the relationship between childhood trauma and symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
Methods: The study design in this study was cross-sectional. The population in this study are female students of Universitas Pelita Harapan, Indonesia, batch 2019-2022. Respondents will fill in their data after filling out the informed consent sheet. Childhood trauma measurements were measured using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), and premenstrual dysphoric disorder measurements were measured using the Carolina Premenstrual Assessment Scoring System (C-PASS).
Results: One hundred nine female students who met inclusion and exclusion criteria participated in this study. The age range of respondents ranged from 18 – 23 years, with 20-year-old respondents being the most significant sample of 46 people (42.20%). There were 72 respondents (66.06%) who experienced childhood trauma, while 37 (33.94%) did not experience childhood trauma. There were 51 respondents (46.79%) experiencing Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder, 18 (16.51%) experiencing Menstrually Related Mood Disorders (MRMD), and 40 (36.70%) did not experience PMDD or MRMD. The chi-square analysis obtained p = 0.018 with Odds ratio (OR) = 2.955.
Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between childhood trauma and symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder in Universitas Pelita Harapan students, with p = 0.018 and OR = 2.955. Students who experienced childhood trauma will have 2,955 times more odds.

Keywords
childhood trauma, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, female students.

Cite this paper
Maria Shannon Ashley Gunawan, Tirta Darmawan Susanto, Natalia Maria Christina, Childhood Trauma Influences The Occurrence of Symptoms of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder , SCIREA Journal of Clinical Medicine. Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2023 | PP. 240-251. 10.54647/cm321153

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