Rheumatic Manifestations in Graves Disease

Volume 9, Issue 1, February 2024     |     PP. 168-171      |     PDF (226 K)    |     Pub. Date: April 17, 2023
DOI: 10.54647/cm321059    87 Downloads     699 Views  

Author(s)

Tyler G.Chin, Ursanius College; Biology/Medical, United States
Alyxandra Soloway, Inspira Health Network- Rheumatology, United States
Joseph Colombo, Stephen Soloway , Rheumatology, United States
Stephen Soloway, Chairman, Department of Rheumatology, Inspra Health Network, United States

Abstract

Keywords
Graves’ Disease, Thyroid Eye Disease, Hyperthyroidism, Pretibial Myxedema, Autoimmune

Cite this paper
Tyler G.Chin, Alyxandra Soloway, Joseph Colombo, Stephen Soloway, Rheumatic Manifestations in Graves Disease , SCIREA Journal of Clinical Medicine. Volume 9, Issue 1, February 2024 | PP. 168-171. 10.54647/cm321059

References

[ 1 ] Edmunds, M & Boelaert, K 2019, 'Knowledge of thyroid eye disease in Graves’ Disease patients with and without orbitopathy', Thyroid, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 557-562. https://doi.org/10.1089/thy.2018.0665
[ 2 ] Khong JJ, McNab A. Medical treatment in thyroid eye disease in 2020. Br J Ophthalmol. 2021 Mar;105(3):299-305. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2020-316051. Epub 2020 May 23. PMID: 32447327.
[ 3 ] Wiersinga WM, Smit T, van der Gaag R, Koornneef L. Temporal relationship between onset of Graves' ophthalmopathy and onset of thyroidal Graves' disease. J Endocrinol Invest. 1988 Sep;11(8):615-9. doi: 10.1007/BF03350193. PMID: 2907524.
[ 4 ] Smith TJ, Hegedüs L. Graves' Disease. N Engl J Med. 2016 Oct 20;375(16):1552-1565. doi: 10.1056/NEJMra1510030. PMID: 27797318.
[ 5 ] Yeung SJ, Habra MA, Chiu AC. Grave's disease. Medscape emedicine website. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/120619-overview