Evaluation of aggression and suicide attempt characteristics in patients with depression presenting with suicide attempt

Volume 6, Issue 6, December 2021     |     PP. 674-690      |     PDF (227 K)    |     Pub. Date: November 30, 2021
DOI: 10.54647/cm32626    99 Downloads     3370 Views  

Author(s)

Huseyin Murat Ozkan, Istanbul Rumeli University, Faculty of Economics Administrative and Social Sciences, Psychology Department, Silivri/Istanbul, Turkey
Hamdullah Aydin, Altinbas University, Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences, Psychology Department, Istanbul, Turkey

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The assumption that aggression plays a role in suicidal behavior derives from the interpretations made due to low serotonin levels in suicide attempts and aggressive behaviors. In this study, it was aimed to examine the characteristics of aggression and suicide attempt in patients with depression presenting with suicide attempt.
METHODS: 101 depressive cases, who had suicide attempt and did not have any comorbid diagnosis, were included in the study while 54 depressive cases, who applied to psychiatry polyclinic, matched by age and gender, did not have suicide attempt and comorbid diagnosis, were included in the control group. Semi-structured history form, Hamilton Depression Scale and Ilter Kiper Aggression Scale were applied to the participants.
RESULTS: No difference was found between aggression subgroup scores and aggression total scores between the study group and control group. No difference was found between aggression and depression scores between the cases using aggressive and non-aggressive methods in suicide attempt. The disruptive aggression scores and aggression total scores of the cases with previous suicide attempt were found to be lower than the cases without previous suicide attempt. The assertiveness, passive aggression and aggression total scores of the cases consulting a doctor due to mental complaints before attempt were higher than those consulting with somatic complaints.
CONCLUSION: In studies, different psychiatric diagnoses and the relationship between aggression and suicide are emphasized. Aggression is among the basic motives of living beings and is a part of life. The inability to manage aggression rather than the presence of aggression seems to be a problem in suicidal behavior. Whether there is a unilateral or mutual relationship between aggression and psychiatric diagnosis and suicidal behavior is still a subject that needs further investigation.

Keywords
Suicide attempt, aggression, depression

Cite this paper
Huseyin Murat Ozkan, Hamdullah Aydin, Evaluation of aggression and suicide attempt characteristics in patients with depression presenting with suicide attempt , SCIREA Journal of Clinical Medicine. Volume 6, Issue 6, December 2021 | PP. 674-690. 10.54647/cm32626

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