Volume 3, Number 1 (2018)
Year Launched: 2016
Journal Menu
Previous Issues
Why Us
-  Open Access
-  Peer-reviewed
-  Rapid publication
-  Lifetime hosting
-  Free indexing service
-  Free promotion service
-  More citations
-  Search engine friendly
Contact Us
Email:   service@scirea.org
Home > Journals > SCIREA Journal of Agriculture > Archive > Paper Information

Effects of pozzolanic additives on the properties of portland cement containing clay waste

Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2018    |    PP. 34-50    |PDF (600 K)|    Pub. Date: January 7, 2018
128 Downloads     1666 Views  

Mine Özdemir, Department of Chemical Engineering, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, 26480 Eskişehir, Turkey
Ali Uğurlu, DSİ Technical Research and Quality Control Department, 06100 Ankara, Turkey

This paper presents the effects of pozzolanic additives on the properties of Portland cement containing clay waste. Twelve different types of cement mortars were produced by adding fly ash and natural pozzolan (in the range of 5 % - 20 %) to ordinary CEM I 42.5 Portland cement containing 10 % and 15 % of clay waste. The cement mortars were subjected to compression and flexural tests. The durability of mortars were also evaluated by the measurements of the weight losses of the samples exposed to sodium sulfate or magnesium sulfate solutions. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis of the samples exposed to the sulfate solutions was also performed. The results showed that the clay waste could be used as cement additive up 15 % with the use of 20- 30 % pozzolanic material. Fly ash and natural pozzolan addition improved the resistance of mortars to sulfate attack.

Cement; Clay waste; Pozzolanic additives; Durability; Sulfate attack

Cite this paper
Mine Özdemir, Ali Uğurlu, Effects of pozzolanic additives on the properties of portland cement containing clay waste, SCIREA Journal of Agriculture. Vol. 3 , No. 1 , 2018 , pp. 34 - 50 .


[ 1 ] DPT Report 2776. Boron, soda ash and chrome chemicals, The State Planning Organization, Ankara, Turkey (2008).
[ 2 ] A.M.Neville. Properties of concrete, Pearson Education Limited, London (2011).
[ 3 ] M.R.Karim, M.M.Hossain, M.N.N.Khan, M.F.M.Zain, M.Jamil, F.C.Lai. On the utilization of pozzolanic wastes as an alternative resource of cement, Materials. 7(2014) 7809 - 7827.
[ 4 ] M.Özdemir, N.U.Öztürk. Utilization of clay wastes containing boron as cement additives, Cem. Concr. Res. 33(2003) 1659-1661.
[ 5 ] P.K.Mehta, P.J.M.Monteiro. Concrete: Microstructure, Properties, and Materials, McGraw-Hill, New York, USA (2006).
[ 6 ] P.K.Mehta. Effect of fly ash composition on sulfate resistance of cements, ACI Mater. J. 83(1986) 994 - 1000.
[ 7 ] P.Dinakar, P.K.Sahoo, G.Sriram. Effect of metakaolin content on the properties of high strength concrete, Int. J. Concr. Struct. Mater. 7(2013) 215 - 223.
[ 8 ] B.Rabehi, Y.Ghernouti, M.Driss. Potential use of calcined cilt of dam as a pozzolan in blended portland cement, Int. J. Concr. Struct. Mater. 8(2014) 259 – 268.
[ 9 ] S.Rukzon, P.Chindaprasirt. Strength, porosity, and chloride resistance of mortar using the combination of two kinds of pozzolanic materials, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater. 20(2013) 808 - 814.
[ 10 ] TS EN197-1. Cement-part 1. composition, specifications and comformity criteria for common cements, Turkish Standards Institution, Ankara, Turkey (2002).
[ 11 ] ASTM C311. Standard test methods for sampling and testing fly ash or natural puzzolans for use a mineral admixture in portland cement concrete, ASTM International (1994).
[ 12 ] ASTM C618. Standard specification for coal fly ash and raw or calcined natural pozzolan for use as a mineral admixture in portland cement concrete, ASTM International (1991).
[ 13 ] TS EN96-1. Methods of testing cement-part 1. determination of strength, Turkish Standards Institution, Ankara, Turkey (2009).
[ 14 ] C.Cau Dit Coumes, S.Courtois. Cementation of low-level radioactive waste of complex chemistry: Investigation of the combined action of borate, chloride, sulfate and phosphate on cement hydration using response surface methodology, Cem. Concr. Res. 33(2003) 305 – 316.
[ 15 ] H.A.F.Dehwah, M.Maslehuddin, S.A.Austin. Effect of sulfate ions and associated cation type on the pore solution chemistry in chloride-contaminated plain and blended cements, Cem. Concr. Compos. 25(2003) 513 - 525.
[ 16 ] C.Cau Dit Coumes, S.Courtois, S.Peysson, J.Ambroise, J.Pera. Calcium sulfoaluminate cement blended with OPC: A potential binder to encapsulate low-level radioactive slurries of complex chemistry, Cem. Concr. Res. 39(2009) 740 – 747.

Submit A Manuscript
Review Manuscripts
Join As An Editorial Member
Most Views
by Sergey M. Afonin
2935 Downloads 42654 Views
by Syed Adil Hussain, Taha Hasan Associate Professor
2295 Downloads 19851 Views
by Omprakash Sikhwal, Yashwant Vyas
2366 Downloads 16583 Views
by Munmun Nath, Bijan Nath, Santanu Roy
2263 Downloads 16509 Views
Upcoming Conferences