Volume 1, Number 2 (2016)
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Home > Journals > SCIREA Journal of Biology > Archive > Paper Information

The interaction of inflammation and coagulation systems

Volume 1, Issue 2, December 2016    |    PP. 93-105    |PDF (229 K)|    Pub. Date: January 4, 2017
221 Downloads     1279 Views  

Author(s)
Kollarou Anna, Democritus University of Thrace, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Alexandroupoli, Greece

Abstract
Inflammation and coagulation are two systems playing pivotal roles in host defense. As phylogenetically old responses, there is extensive crosstalk between inflammation and coagulation in assuring adequate immune response against injurious stimuli. The crosstalk between activated coagulation and inflammatory mediators is highlighted. Inflammation activates coagulation and coagulation modulates the inflammatory activity in many ways. The contributing pathways are reviewed. Understanding the mechanisms involved in the crosstalk between inflammation and coagulation may yield new therapeutic strategies for human diseases. Immune cells are important in the initiation of coagulation pathways, while different inflammatory mediators could alter haemostasis. Vice versa, coagulation proteases have significant immuno-modulatory effects. The mechanisms controlling the interaction between inflammation and coagulation are described. Fibrinolysis is significantly involved in the inflammation-coagulation balance. Protease-activated receptors also play an important role in the interaction between coagulation and inflammation. Elucidating the mechanisms of crosstalk between coagulation and inflammation increases our understanding of the pathological and pathophysiological events of severe clinical diseases, and may yield new therapeutic targets in the near future.

Keywords
coagulation, inflammation, innate immunity, fibrinolysis,

Cite this paper
Kollarou Anna, The interaction of inflammation and coagulation systems, SCIREA Journal of Biology. Vol. 1 , No. 2 , 2016 , pp. 93 - 105 .

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