Volume 5, Number 6 (2021)
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Home > Journals > SCIREA Journal of Health > Archive > Paper Information

A Comparative Analysis of the New Mexico Organic and Conventional Producer: Implications for Occupational Safety and Health Research and Practice

Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2021    |    PP. 95-107    |PDF (234 K)|    Pub. Date: October 31, 2021
DOI: 10.54647/pmh33174    7 Downloads     237 Views  

Author(s)
Carolyn A. Parshall, MPH, is an epidemiologist with the Albuquerque Area Southwest Tribal Epidemiology Center in New Mexico, USA
Francisco Soto Mas, MD, PhD, MPH, is a Professor of Public Health at the University of New Mexico College of Population Health, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
Fares Qeadan, PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the Department Family & Preventive Medicine, Division of Public Health at the University of Utah, USA

Abstract
Research indicates that farmers’ demographic characteristics and production practices have safety and health implications. However, current systems do not identify organic farmers independently from conventional farmers, and literature on how organic and conventional farmers compare is very limited. We conducted a secondary analysis of 2012 Census of Agriculture data to compare organic and non-organic farms and principal operators (POs) in New Mexico (NM). Organic farms were smaller in size, and POs of farms with organic sales were significantly younger (55.8±9.5 vs. 60.5±5.5 years) and less experienced (19.5±6.8 vs. 25.2±6.8 years). Significant differences were also found in POs ethnicity, race, and primary occupation. More farms with organic sales had a female PO compared to farms with non-organic sales (27% vs. 19%). Other significant differences related to work arrangements, household income, living conditions, and access to Internet. National surveys and regional studies may not accurately typify and describe the local organic producer, which is essential in order to advance policy, develop health interventions, and properly address occupational safety and risk among organic farmers. This study makes a unique contribution to understanding the importance of surveillance and collecting place-based data that are specific to the organic producer.

Keywords
organic producer; organic practices; surveillance data; health and safety

Cite this paper
Carolyn A. Parshall, Francisco Soto Mas, Fares Qeadan, A Comparative Analysis of the New Mexico Organic and Conventional Producer: Implications for Occupational Safety and Health Research and Practice, SCIREA Journal of Health. Vol. 5 , No. 6 , 2021 , pp. 95 - 107 . https://doi.org/10.54647/pmh33174

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