Volume 5, Number 4 (2021)
Year Launched: 2016
Journal Menu
Archive
Previous Issues
Why Us
-  Open Access
-  Peer-reviewed
-  Rapid publication
-  Lifetime hosting
-  Free indexing service
-  Free promotion service
-  More citations
-  Search engine friendly
Contact Us
Email:   service@scirea.org
Home > Journals > SCIREA Journal of Health > Archive > Paper Information

Nursing students' knowledge, attitude and willingness toward the elderly care: A cross-sectional study

Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2021    |    PP. 34-48    |PDF (213 K)|    Pub. Date: August 29, 2021
16 Downloads     143 Views  

Author(s)
Siping Wang, School of Nursing, Guangdong Lingnan Institute of Technology, China.
Lulu Yan, School of Nursing, Guangdong Lingnan Institute of Technology, China.
Shanshan Huang, School of Nursing, Guangdong Lingnan Institute of Technology, China.
Yan Li, School of Nursing, Guangdong Lingnan Institute of Technology, China.
Xianlong Wang, School of Nursing, Guangdong Lingnan Institute of Technology, China.

Abstract
Background: China's aging population is accelerating, and a large number of professional nursing talents need to be trained to improve the quality of care for the elderly. However, there is a shortage of elderly caregivers in China. The aim of the study is to investigate higher vocational nursing students' attitudes toward the elderly and knowledge and willingness of geriatric nursing service.
Methods: A total of 1075 nursing students were recruited between December 2019 to January 2020 in University. The nursing students’ basic information, attitude towards the elderly, willingness and knowledge toward elderly care were investigated with a self-designed questionnaire. The correlation between nursing students engaged in elderly service willingness, attitude towards the elderly, and knowledge of aging services were analyzed by Spearman rank correlation coefficient analysis.
Results: 61.0% of the students held negative attitude towards the elderly. 43.6% of the students were willing to engage in elderly nursing work. 76.0% of students generally understand the current state of aging in China. 51.6% of students expect salary to be above 8000 RMB. 49.5% of the students think that the development prospects of elderly care services are very good. The attitude of nursing students was negatively correlated with their willingness(r=-0.081, P=0.012), knowledge was positively correlated with their willingness(r=0.367, P<0.001), but negatively correlated with their attitude(r=-0.083, P=0.010).
Conclusions: Higher vocational nursing students had negative attitudes towards older people, cognition of elderly care service was insufficient, and the willingness to engage in geriatric care services was at the middle and lower levels.

Keywords
Higher vocational; Nursing students; Elderly care; knowledge; Attitude; Willingness

Cite this paper
Siping Wang, Lulu Yan, Shanshan Huang, Yan Li, Xianlong Wang, Nursing students' knowledge, attitude and willingness toward the elderly care: A cross-sectional study, SCIREA Journal of Health. Vol. 5 , No. 4 , 2021 , pp. 34 - 48 .

References

[ 1 ] World Health Organization, US National Institute of Aging, 2011. Global health and aging. https://www.who.int/ageing/publications/global_health/en/.
[ 2 ] United Nations, 2019. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. https://population.un.org/wpp/Publications/.
[ 3 ] Dziechciaż M, Filip R. Biological psychological and social determinants of old age: bio-psycho-social aspects of human aging. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2014;21(4):835-8.
[ 4 ] Cui Y, Fan R, Wang YM, Kaye AJ, Kaye AD, Bueno FR, Pei JM. A Changing Healthcare System Model: The Effectiveness of Knowledge, Attitude, and Skill of Nursing Assistants Who Attend Senile Dementia Patients in Nursing Homes in Xi'an, China - A Questionnaire Survey. Ochsner J. 2014;14(3):328-334.
[ 5 ] Jia Q, Wang X, Yu X, Li Z, Che X, Shen J. Hand Hygiene Compliance and Influencing Factors Among Nursing Assistants in Nursing Homes. J Gerontol Nurs. 2021;47(4):45-52.
[ 6 ] Rush KL, Hickey S, Epp S, Janke R. Nurses' attitudes towards older people care: An integrative review.J Clin Nurs. 2017;26(23-24):4105-4116.
[ 7 ] Che CC, Chong MC, Hairi NN. What influences student nurses' intention to work with older people? A cross-sectional study. Int J Nurs Stud. 2018;85:61-67.
[ 8 ] Hsu MHK, Ling MH, Lui TL. Relationship Between Gerontological Nursing Education and Attitude Toward Older People. Nurse Educ Today. 2019;74:85-90.
[ 9 ] Rathnayake S, Athukorala Y, Siop S. Attitudes toward and willingness to work with older people among undergraduate nursing students in a public university in Sri Lanka: A cross sectional study. Nurse Educ Today. 2016;36:439-44.
[ 10 ] Darling R, Sendir M, Atav S, Buyukyilmaz F. Undergraduate nursing students and the elderly: An assessment of attitudes in a Turkish university. Gerontol Geriatr Educ. 2018;39(3):283-294.
[ 11 ] Liu YE, Norman IJ, While AE. Nurses' attitudes towards older people: a systematic review. Int J Nurs Stud. 2013 Sep;50(9):1271-82.
[ 12 ] Milutinović D, Simin D, Kacavendić J, Turkulov V. KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES OF HEALTH CARE SCIENCE STUDENTS TOWARD OLDER PEOPLE. Med Pregl. 2015;68(11-12):382-6.
[ 13 ] Chi MJ, Shyu ML, Wang SY, Chuang HC, Chuang YH. Nursing Students' Willingness to Care for Older Adults in Taiwan. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2016;48(2):172-8.
[ 14 ] Ridgway V, Mason-Whitehead E, McIntosh-Scott A. Visual perceptions of ageing; A longitudinal mixed methods study of UK undergraduate student nurses' attitudes and perceptions towards older people. Nurse Educ Pract. 2018;33:63-69.
[ 15 ] Garbrah W, Kankkunen P, Välimäki T. Gerontological nurse teachers' abilities and influence on students' willingness in older people nursing: A cross-sectional, correlational survey. Nurse Educ Today. 2020;90:104461.
[ 16 ] Zhang S,Liu YH,Zhang HF, Meng LN,Liu PX. Determinants of undergraduate nursing students' care willingness towards the elderly in China: Attitudes, gratitude and knowledge. Nurse Educ Today. 2016; 43:28-33.
[ 17 ] Wade S. Promoting quality of care for older people: developing positive attitudes to working with older people. J Nurs Manag. 1999 Nov;7(6):339-47.
[ 18 ] Tufan F, Yuruyen M, Kizilarslanoglu MC, Akpinar T, Emiksiye S, Yesil Y, et al. Geriatrics education is associated with positive attitudes toward older people in internal medicine residents: a multicenter study. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2015;60(2):307-10.
[ 19 ] KOGAN N. Attitudes toward old people in an older sample. J Abnorm Soc Psychol. 1961;62:616-22.
[ 20 ] Bakan AB,Arli SK,Varol E. Identification of nursing students' attitudes toward older people.Contemp Nurse.2018;21:1-9.
[ 21 ] Alshehry AS, Almazan JU, Alquwez N. Influence of Religiosity on the Saudi Nursing Students' Attitudes Toward Older People and Perceptions on Elderly Care. J Relig Health.2020;59(6):2701-2714.
[ 22 ] Ghimire S, Shrestha N, Callahan KE, Nath D, Baral BK, Lekhak N, Singh DR. Undergraduate nursing students' knowledge of aging, attitudes toward and perceptions of working with older adults in Kathmandu Nepal. Int J Nurs Sci. 2019;6(2):204-210.
[ 23 ] Arif S, Khokhar S. A historical glance: Challenges for male nurses. J Pak Med Assoc. 2017;67(12):1889-1894.
[ 24 ] Garbarino JT, Lewis LF. The impact of a gerontology nursing course with a service-learning component on student attitudes towards working with older adults: A mixed methods study. Nurse Educ Pract. 2020;42:102684.
[ 25 ] Li J and Wang HM. Cross-sectional study on the willingness of undergraduate nursing students to engage in geriatric nursing and related factors. Health vocational education.2019;37(21),135-137.
[ 26 ] Galzignato S, Veronese N, Sartori R. Study of the attitudes and future intentions of nursing students towards working with older people: an observational study. Aging Clin Exp Res. 2021.
[ 27 ] Rockers PC, Jaskiewicz W, Kruk ME, et al. Differences in preferences for rural job postings between nursing students and practicing nurses: evidence from a discrete choice experiment in Lao People's Democratic Republic. Hum Resour Health. 2013;11:22.
[ 28 ] Healthy China Action Promotion Committee. Healthy China Initiative (2019-2030). http://www.gov.cn/xinwen/2019-07/15/content_5409694.htm.
[ 29 ] Hu B, Li B, Wang J, Shi C. Home and community care for older people in urban China: Receipt of services and sources of payment. Health Soc Care Community. 2020;28(1):225-235.
[ 30 ] Li L, Yuan J, Ning Y, Shao Q, Zhang J. Exploring Space Management Goals in Institutional Care Facilities in China. J Healthc Eng. 2017;2017:6307976.
[ 31 ] Pan H, Dury S, Duppen D, Lehto V, Wang R, Donder L. Social Participation in Older Adults after Relocation to Long-Term Care Institutions in China: A Qualitative Study. J Community Health Nurs. 2020;37(3):164-176.
[ 32 ] Abudu-Birresborn D, McCleary L, Puts M, Yakong V, Cranley L. Preparing nurses and nursing students to care for older adults in lower and middle-income countries: A scoping review. Int J Nurs Stud. 2019;92:121-134.