Volume 5, Number 3 (2021)
Year Launched: 2016
Journal Menu
Archive
Previous Issues
Why Us
-  Open Access
-  Peer-reviewed
-  Rapid publication
-  Lifetime hosting
-  Free indexing service
-  Free promotion service
-  More citations
-  Search engine friendly
Contact Us
Email:   service@scirea.org
Home > Journals > SCIREA Journal of Environment > Archive > Paper Information

ENGINEERING PROPERTIES OF WALL PANELS PRODUCED FROM WASTE PAPERS AND CHICKEN FEATHER (DOWN) FIBRES

Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2021    |    PP. 74-85    |PDF (408 K)|    Pub. Date: July 5, 2021
13 Downloads     129 Views  

Author(s)
Tolulope Eunice KOLAJO, Department of Wood Products Engineering, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
Opeyemi Elizabeth ODULE, Department of Wood Products Engineering, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

Abstract
A great number of wastes are generated globally. Traditional disposal strategies have a detrimental effect on the environment as they are often burned in incineration plants or buried in landfills, adding to CO2 emissions and can be potentially carcinogenic. In a bid to repurpose waste products and ultimately reducing pollution, this study explores the use of waste paper and chicken feather fibres (CFF) in the production of wall panels. Wall panels are functional as well as decorative, providing insulation and soundproofing with some measure of durability and ease of replaceability. Waste papers (WP) were reduced into a slurry and mixed with varying ratios (0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20%) of chicken feather fibres and formed into decorative panels. The panels were tested for physical and mechanical strength. The results obtained show medium impact and mechanical resistance with the optimum values obtained at 5% CFF inclusion while the optimum results for water absorption and thickness swelling were obtained 15%CFF. There was a gradual decrease in the thermal conductivity of the wall panels with increasing CFF.

Keywords
Wall panels production, impact energy, poultry waste, paper fibres, recycling

Cite this paper
Tolulope Eunice KOLAJO, Opeyemi Elizabeth ODULE, ENGINEERING PROPERTIES OF WALL PANELS PRODUCED FROM WASTE PAPERS AND CHICKEN FEATHER (DOWN) FIBRES, SCIREA Journal of Environment. Vol. 5 , No. 3 , 2021 , pp. 74 - 85 .

References

[ 1 ] Abdul Khalil, H.P.S., A. M. Issam, M. T. Ahmad Shakri, R. Suriani, and A. Y. Awang. 2007. "Conventional agro-composites from chemically modified fibres," Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 315–323.
[ 2 ] Acda, M. N. 2010. Waste chicken feather as reinforcement in cement-bonded composites. Philippine Journal of Science, 139(2), 161-166.
[ 3 ] Adetola, S. O., Yekini, A. A., & Olayiwola, B. S. 2014. Investigation into physical and mechanical properties of few selected chicken feathers commonly found in Nigeria. IOSR- Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, 11(3), 45-50.
[ 4 ] Akinyemi, B.A, C.E. Okonkwo, E.A. Alhassan, M. Ajiboye. 2019. Durability and Strength of properties of particleboards from polystyrene-wood wastes, Journal of Material Cycles waste Management 21(6), 1541-1549.
[ 5 ] Amiandamhen, S.O., Osadolor, S.O. 2020. Recycled waste paper–cement composite panels reinforced with kenaf fibres: durability and mechanical properties. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 22, 1492–1500. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-020-01041-2
[ 6 ] Amieva, E. J. C., Velasco-Santos, C., Martínez-Hernández, A. L., Rivera-Armenta, J. L., Mendoza-Martínez, A. M., & Castaño, V. M. 2015. Composites from chicken feathers quill and recycled polypropylene. Journal of Composite Materials, 49(3), 275-283.
[ 7 ] Ansarullah, Ramli Rahim, Asniawaty Kusno, Baharuddin and Nurul Jamala. 2018. Utilization of waste of chicken feathers and waste of cardboard as the material of acoustic panel maker, IOP Conf. Ser.:Earth Environ. Sci. 126 (2018) 012036.
[ 8 ] ASTM D1037. Standard test methods for evaluating the properties of wood-base fibre and particle panel materials. 2012.
[ 9 ] Bambang F.X., Suskiyanto, Krisprantono, Afriyanto Sofyan. 2018. Wall panels of waste paper tapioca 'perva' answering the ecologic building material challenge. IOP Conference series earth and Environmental Sciences 213(1): 012040.
[ 10 ] Banjo A. Akinyemi, Temidayo E. Omoniyi. 2017. Engineering properties of acrylic emulsion polymer-modified bamboo reinforced cement bonded composites, Engineering Structures and Technologies, 9:3, 126-132.
[ 11 ] Bartels, T. 2003. Variations in the morphology, distribution, and arrangement of feathers in domesticated birds. Journal of Experimental Zoology (Mol. Dev. Evol.), 298B: 91-108.
[ 12 ] Belhadj B., Bederina M., Makhloufi Z., Dheilly R.M., Montrelay N., Queneudec M. 2016. Contribution to the development of a sand concrete lightened by the addition of barley straws, Construction Building Materials. 113, PP 513-522.
[ 13 ] Binici, H., A. Küçükönder, A.H.Sevinç, M. Eken, N. Tüfenk. 2013. "Using Waste Paper as Isolation Material and Radiation Absorbing Material", Çukurova Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, Sayı: 28(1), pp. 21-29.
[ 14 ] Chern Chiet Eng, Nor Azowa Ibrahim, Norhazlin Zainuddin, Hidayah Ariffin, Wan Md. Zin Wan Yunus. 2014. "Impact Strength and Flexural Properties Enhancement of Methacrylate Silane Treated Oil Palm Mesocarp Fiber Reinforced Biodegradable Hybrid Composites", The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2014, Article ID 213180, 8 pages. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/213180
[ 15 ] Chinta S.K, Landage S.M, Yadav. Krati. 2013. Application of Chicken Feathers in Technical Textile ISSN:2319-8753. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol 2, Issue 4.
[ 16 ] Cristel O, Nady P, Fernando T, Silvio D, Marie-Ange A. 2010. Sugar cane bagasse fibres reinforced cement composites: thermal considerations. Compos A. 41:549–556
[ 17 ] Dibakar Bhattacharjee, Muhammed Kamrul Islam. 2014. Development of a paper recycling process, Conf. Paper.
[ 18 ] Francisco Antonio Rocco Lahr, Holmer Savastano Junior and Juliano Fiorelli. 2015. Non-conventional Building Materials based on agro-industrial wastes. ISBN 978-85-69233-00-8. Bauru, SP: Filiform.
[ 19 ] Garside M. 2019. Paper Industry- Statistics and Facts. Nov. 22, 2019.
[ 20 ] Gentry, R., Kurtis, K., Nanko, H. 2004. Development of Value-Added Products from Chicken Feathers: Paper, Wood Products, and Building Materials. TIP3 Proposal 2004.
[ 21 ] Kolajo T.E, Odule O.E, Safiu M.A. 2020. Development of a wall panel moulding machine. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology. Volume 07 Issue 08, 2020 pp 5030-5038
[ 22 ] Layth Mohammed, M.N.M Ansari, Grace Pua, Mohammad Jawaid and M. Saiful Islam. 2015. A review of natural fibre reinforced polymer composite and its applications. International Journal of Polymer Science. Vol. 2015 Article ID 243947, 15 pages. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/243947.
[ 23 ] Mounika M, Ramaniah K, Ratna Prasad AV, Mohana Rao K, Hema Chandra Reddy K. 2012. Thermal conductivity characterization of bamboo fiber reinforced polyester composite. J Mater Environ Sci 3(6):1109–11162.
[ 24 ] Park SK, Bae D, Hettiarachchy N. 2000. Protein concentrate and adhesives from meat and bone meal. J Am Oil Chem. Soc. 2000. 77(11):1223–1227
[ 25 ] Purwanto L.M.F. and Darmawan A.M.S. 2017. Designing building materials of plastic waste panel. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research. Vol 8 Issue 4 16430-16433.
[ 26 ] Radzi A.M, Sapuan S.M, Jawaid M., Mansor M.R.. 2019. Water absorption, thickness swelling and thermal properties of roselle/sugar palm fibre reinforced thermoplastic polyurethane hybrid composites. Journal of Material Resources Technology; 8(5):3988-3994
[ 27 ] Reddy, N., Jiang, J., & Yang, Y. 2014. Biodegradable composites containing chicken feathers as matrix and jute fibres as reinforcement. Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 22(3), 310-317.
[ 28 ] Sangrutsamee, V., Srichandr, P., & Poolthong, N. 2012. Re-Pulped Waste Paper-Based Composite Building Materials with Low Thermal Conductivity. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 11(1), 147–151. doi:10.3130/jaabe.11.147 
[ 29 ] Shinoj, S., R. Visvanathan, S. Panigrahi, and M. Kochubabu. 2011. "Oil palm fibre (OPF) and its composites: a review," Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 7–22, 2011.
[ 30 ] Sreekala M.S. and S. Thomas, 2003 "Effect of fibre surface modification on water-sorption characteristics of oil palm fibres," Composites Science and Technology, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 861–869.
[ 31 ] Suprapto Siswosukarto, Ashar Saputra and I Gede yohan Kafrain. 2017. Utilization of polystyrene waste for a wall panel to produce green construction materials. Sustainable Civil Engineering Structures and Construction Materials, SCESCM 2016 Procedia Engineering 1171 Pp 664-671.
[ 32 ] Tesfaye T, Sithole B, Ramjugernath D, Chunilall V. 2017. Valorisation of chicken feathers: characterisation of chemical properties. Waste Manag 68:626–635,2017b
[ 33 ] Uzun, M., Sancak, E., Patel, I., Usta, I., Akalın, M., & Yuksek, M. 2011. Mechanical behaviour of chicken quills and chicken feather fibres reinforced polymeric composites. Archives of Materials Science and Engineering, 52(2), 82-86.
[ 34 ] Winandy, J.E., J.H. Muehl, J.A. Micales, A. Raina, W. Schmidt. 2003. "Potential of Chicken Feather Fibre in Wood MDF Composites," Proceedings Eco Comp 2003, Pp20:1-6.