Volume 5, Number 1 (2020)
Year Launched: 2016
Journal Menu
Archive
Previous Issues
Why Us
-  Open Access
-  Peer-reviewed
-  Rapid publication
-  Lifetime hosting
-  Free indexing service
-  Free promotion service
-  More citations
-  Search engine friendly
Contact Us
Email:   service@scirea.org
Home > Journals > SCIREA Journal of Physics > Archive > Paper Information

Gravitational Waves Do Not Carry Energy-Momentum

Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2020    |    PP. 1-28    |PDF (363 K)|    Pub. Date: May 10, 2020
23 Downloads     122 Views  

Author(s)
Zhaoyan Wu, Center for Theoretical Physics, Jilin University, China

Abstract
From a geometric perspective, we proved the following conclusions, that are against mainstream scholars’ viewpoint. (i) Vanishing of the covariant divergence of matter energy­ momentum flux density in entire spacetime is a conservation law of matter energy-momentum. It reads the net increase of matter energy-momentum in any infinitesimal neighborhood of spacetime is zero. Hence, introducing gravitational energy-momentum does not save, but destroys the law of energy-momentum conservation. (ii) Interaction or force in physics always means exchange of energy-momentum. The spacetime metric field (gravitational field in general relativity) does not exchange energy-momentum with all mass points and matter fields. Therefore, the metric field of spacetime does not carry energy-momentum, it's not a force field, and gravity is not a natural force. The spacetime metric field is the geometrical aspect of moving matter 4-dimensional continuum. It is not a matter field itself.

Keywords
gravitational energy-momentum, energy-momentum conservation in general relativity

Cite this paper
Zhaoyan Wu, Gravitational Waves Do Not Carry Energy-Momentum, SCIREA Journal of Physics. Vol. 5 , No. 1 , 2020 , pp. 1 - 28 .

References

[ 1 ] A. Einstein, Sitzungsber K. preuss. Akacl. Wiss. 2, 688(1916)
[ 2 ] A. Einstein, Sitzungsber K. preuss. Akacl. Wiss. 2, 154(1918)
[ 3 ] B.P. Abbott, et. al. (LIGO), Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 061102 (2016)
[ 4 ] R.P. Feynman, et al, Feynman Lectures on Gravitation, Westview Press, Boulder (2002).
[ 5 ] B.P. Abbott, et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 241103 (2016).
[ 6 ] B.P. Abbott, et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 221101 (2017).
[ 7 ] B.P. Abbott, et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 141101 (2017).
[ 8 ] B.P. Abbott, et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 161101 (2017)
[ 9 ] Z. Wu, Commun. Theor. Phys. 65 716-730 (2016).
[ 10 ] A. Einstein, Berl. Ber. 178 (1915), 448 (1918).
[ 11 ] H. Bondi, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 427 249-258 (1990).
[ 12 ] S. Weinberg, Gravitation and Cosmology (Wiley, New York, 1972).
[ 13 ] J.M. Nester, et al, Dynamic geometry and Gravitational Energy, (2004).
[ 14 ] H. Bauer, Physikalische Zeitschrift, 19 163 (1918).
[ 15 ] L.D. Landau and E.M.Lifshitz, The Classical Theory of Fields, 2nd ed. (Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1962).
[ 16 ] R.C. Tohnan, Phys. Rev. 35, 875 (1930).
[ 17 ] A. Trautman, in Gravitation: An Introduction to Current Research, ed. L. Witten (Wiley, New York, 1962), 169-198.
[ 18 ] Papapetrou, Proc.Roy. Irish Acad. A 52, 11-23 (1948).
[ 19 ] P.G. Bergmann and R. Thompson, Phys. Rev. 89, 400-407 (1953).
[ 20 ] C. Mller, Ann. Phys. 4, 347-371 (1958).
[ 21 ] C.W. Misner, K.S. Thorne and J.A. Wheeler, Gravitation (Freeman, San Francisco, 1973).
[ 22 ] A. Komar, Physical Rev. 113 (1959) 934.
[ 23 ] R. Arnowitt, S. Deser, and C.W. Misner, The Dynamics of General Rela,­ tivity, in Gravitation: A Introduction to Current Research, ed. L. Witten, Wiley, New York (1962).
[ 24 ] H. Bondi, M.G.J. van der Burg and A.W.K. Metzner, Proc. Roy. Soc. London A 269 {1962} 21.
[ 25 ] R. Schoen and S.-T. Yau, Commun. Math. Phys. 79, 231 (1981).
[ 26 ] E. Witten, Commun. Math. Phys. 80, 381(1981).
[ 27 ] L.B. Szabados, Living Rev. Relativity 7, 4 (2004).
[ 28 ] J.L. Synge, Relativity: The General Theory, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam (1960).

Submit A Manuscript
Review Manuscripts
Join As An Editorial Member
Most Views
Article
by Sergey M. Afonin
2935 Downloads 40216 Views
Article
by Syed Adil Hussain, Taha Hasan Associate Professor
2295 Downloads 19093 Views
Article
by Omprakash Sikhwal, Yashwant Vyas
2366 Downloads 16016 Views
Article
by Munmun Nath, Bijan Nath, Santanu Roy
2263 Downloads 15940 Views
Upcoming Conferences