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A H atom model able to predict line series, fine structures, Fraunhofer and Fulcher spectra using a finite number of transversal electron orbits. The atom radius size effect on hyperfine structure lines.

Volume 8, Issue 1, February 2023    |    PP. 19-40    |PDF (3778 K)|    Pub. Date: January 15, 2023
DOI: 10.54647/physics140515    14 Downloads     134 Views  

Author(s)
Emmanuel Saucedo-Flores, José Guadalupe Zuno No. 48, Industrial Los Belenes, CP 45101 Zapopan, Jalisco, México
Víctor Manuel Rangel-Cobián, José Guadalupe Zuno No. 48, Industrial Los Belenes, CP 45101 Zapopan, Jalisco, México

Abstract
A novel H atom model is devised using electron orbits located in planes not passing through the proton and are transversal or perpendicular to an axis originating at the proton center, and hence they are orthogonal to the longitudinal planes used in Bohr H atom model. The physical foundations for the proposed model are described and a straightforward expression for calculating the electron allowed energy levels is presented. A few calculation examples are provided and the obtained emission spectral lines are compared to the H spectral lines series, to the Fraunhofer absorption lines, to lines inside Fulcher bands and to the NREL AM0 irradiance spectrum. The transversal orbit model is shown to predict the appearance of the fine and hyperfine electron emission structures. This is also the case if the atom radius, and consequently, the electron orbits are not considered rigid.

Keywords
Bohr model, emission line series, Rydberg energy, Fraunhofer spectrum, fine structure lines, Fulcher bands, NREL AM0 spectrum, the astronomical H lines, the non-rigid H atom.

Cite this paper
Emmanuel Saucedo-Flores, Víctor Manuel Rangel-Cobián, A H atom model able to predict line series, fine structures, Fraunhofer and Fulcher spectra using a finite number of transversal electron orbits. The atom radius size effect on hyperfine structure lines., SCIREA Journal of Physics. Vol. 8 , No. 1 , 2023 , pp. 19 - 40 . https://doi.org/10.54647/physics140515

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