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Volume 7, Issue 3, June 2022    |    PP. 87-100    |PDF (221 K)|    Pub. Date: July 19, 2022
DOI: 10.54647/economics79321    48 Downloads     572 Views  

Aurelia Ilieș, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași, Romania

Culture is often defined as the programming of the mind, a personal choice, a collective mindset or a collection of patterns for behaviour. Through this study we highlighted some of the contributions made by Montesquieu, Smith and Weber on two main aspects of culture: norms and morality, focusing on defining these terms in relation to trade and conflicts. Our approach embodies historical analysis as well as descriptive analysis of culture. The rationale for the selection of our studies is that of looking at culture through some different lenses: starting from the understanding of norms, ethics and morality (last two deriving mainly from religious views), reporting it to trade which constitutes the main source of development for many societies, and conflicts representing the main source of regress for many societies.

culture, international trade, collective mindset, individualism

Cite this paper
Aurelia Ilieș, A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CULTURE AND TRADE, SCIREA Journal of Economics. Vol. 7 , No. 3 , 2022 , pp. 87 - 100 . https://doi.org/10.54647/economics79321


[ 1 ] Hofstede, G., 1991, Cultures and organizations: Software of the mind, London: McGraw-Hill.
[ 2 ] Montesquieu, C.S., 1964, On the Spirit of the Laws, volume I, Editura Științifică, Bucharest.
[ 3 ] Montesquieu, C.S., 1970, On the Spirit of the Laws, volume II, Editura Științifică, Bucharest.
[ 4 ] Smith, A., 2011, Wealth of Nations trad. de Monica Mitarcă, Editura Publica, Bucharest.
[ 5 ] Smith, A., 1997, La teoria de los sentimientos morales, trad. de Carlos Rodriguez Braun, Editura Alianza Editorial, Madrid.
[ 6 ] Schwartz, B., 1986, The battle of human nature: Science, morality, and modern life, New York: Norton.
[ 7 ] Weber, M., 2003, Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism, trad. de Ihor Lemnij, Editura Humanitas, Bucharest.

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