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Censorship in Albania during the dictatorial regime: exclusion of great authors from textbooks of literary history

Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2021    |    PP. 259-265    |PDF (166 K)|    Pub. Date: July 6, 2021
DOI: 10.54647/sociology84594    12 Downloads     858 Views  

Brunilda Prifti, University of Tirana, Faculty of History and Philology, Department of Literature, Literary Studies, Albania

As it did with every field of life, the installation of the communist dictatorship in Albania put literature under ideological control, making the path that writers needed to follow mandatory. Whoever opposed it, paid with his/her life, or was punished politically along with his/her work, being excluded from the textbooks of literary history. Important names, such as Gjergj Fishta, Ernest Koliqi, Faik Konica, Zef Skiroi, etc., remained outside of the history of literature throughout the communist period, being mentioned only briefly, along with labels such as “traitor”, “collaborationist”, “enemy”, “collaborator of fascism”. Their work did not become part of the study curricula in compulsory or higher education in the country, thus destroying the hierarchy of values ​​and dividing literature into isolated islands that did not communicate with each other. In this paper, we will see how these important figures of Albanian literature were reflected in the two official textbooks of the history of literature (1959, 1983) and a text (proof sheets of 1968), which is exactly because it included chapters about the excluded authors, that it was banned from publication after being sent to the printing house.

dictatorship, censorship, exclusion, literary history, sentencing, banned writers

Cite this paper
Brunilda Prifti, Censorship in Albania during the dictatorial regime: exclusion of great authors from textbooks of literary history, SCIREA Journal of Sociology. Vol. 5 , No. 4 , 2021 , pp. 259 - 265 . https://doi.org/10.54647/sociology84594


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[ 2 ] Akademia e Shkencave të RPSSH and Instituti i Gjuhësisë dhe Letërsisë, Historia e Letërsisë Shqiptare: Që nga Fillimet Deri tek Lufta Nacionalçlirimtare. maketi II, Tirana, 1979.
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[ 4 ] Publication of Shtëpia Botuese e Librit Shkollor, Tirana, 1969.
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[ 6 ] Papleka, Feride. Dhimitër Shuteriqi. Akademia e Shkencave të Shqipërisë, Tirana, 2010.
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[ 8 ] Universiteti Shtetëror i Tiranës. Historia e Letërsisë Shqipe e Viteve 1912-1939. proof sheets, Arkiva e Institutit të Letërsisë, Tirana, 1968.
[ 9 ] Xhiku, Ali. Sprovë për një Tjetër Histori të Letërsisë Shqipe 1555-1944. Botimet Universitare ALBAS, 2014.

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