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The Guatemalan social pyramid in the XXI century

Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2021    |    PP. 155-175    |PDF (194 K)|    Pub. Date: June 21, 2021
DOI: 10.54647/sociology84580    23 Downloads     717 Views  

Author(s)
Guillermo Diaz, Universidad Rafael Landívar, Guatemala

Abstract
This paper describes the composition of the Guatemalan social pyramid in the 21st century, built from a class scheme elaborated based on occupational categories and a social stratification carried out according to income and education. The data were obtained from population censuses and employment and income surveys, from the years 2002 and 2018. The results show that the Guatemalan social pyramid is of a triangular type, with a broad working-class base, according to the class scheme, or very poor low stratum, according to socioeconomic stratification. They also show that the base remained stable in the two years in comparison, which is interpreted as an indicator of a society with few opportunities for social mobility.

Keywords
social pyramid, social stratification, class structure, social mobility, social classes.

Cite this paper
Guillermo Diaz, The Guatemalan social pyramid in the XXI century, SCIREA Journal of Sociology. Vol. 5 , No. 4 , 2021 , pp. 155 - 175 . https://doi.org/10.54647/sociology84580

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