CO2 capture-induced electrolytes using tertiary diamines

Volume 9, Issue 1, February 2024     |     PP. 12-29      |     PDF (1166 K)    |     Pub. Date: May 10, 2020
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Eri Yoshida, Department of Applied Chemistry and Life Science, Toyohashi University of Technology, Toyohashi, Japan

With the aim of early reducing global warming, CO2 capture-induced electrolytes were created using tertiary diamines of N,N,N’,N’-tetramethylethylenediamine (TM-Et), N,N,N’,N’-tetramethyl-1,3-propanediamine (TM-Pr), N,N,N’,N’-tetramethyl-1,6-hexanediamine (TM-Hex), bis(2-dimethylaminoethyl) ether (BDM-Ee), N,N’-dimethylpiperazine (DM-Pip), 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO), and hexamethylenetetramine (HMT). A 13C NMR analysis, coupled with viscosity measurements revealed that the electrolytes were obtained by the diamines capturing carbonic acid generated by CO2 dissolving in water and produced through the formation of the diammonium carbonate, followed by the transformation into the bicarbonate. The electroconductivity (EC) of the electrolytes was independent of the counter anions and dependent only on the protonated diamine concentration. The electrolytes were more effectively formed at high temperature, despite a decrease in the CO2 solubility in water. The basicity and structure of the diamines also affected the EC. TM-Et, DM-Pip, and DABCO that show a low basicity and have two methylenes between the N atoms, produced only half of the EC for the highly basic TM-Pr, TM-Hex, and BDM-Ee based on formation of an intramolecular five-membered ring involving a proton through hydrogen bonding. On the other hand, HMT produced no EC due to its very low basicity. The electrolyte of the diammonium bicarbonate was transformed into the carbonate by introducing Ar. However, this transformation was reversed by introducing CO2 again, suggesting the repeatable use of the electrolytes.

CO2 capture, tertiary diamines, electrolytes, carbonic acid, electroconductivity, bicarbonate, carbonate

Cite this paper
Eri Yoshida, CO2 capture-induced electrolytes using tertiary diamines , SCIREA Journal of Chemistry. Volume 9, Issue 1, February 2024 | PP. 12-29.


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